Copyright and Related Rights

The authors of the works in the literary, scientific and artistic and other domains of creativity have the exclusive right to use or to authorize others to use their works. Such right of the author, as well as the system of legal instruments protecting such a right is called copyright.

The author may prohibit, or authorize under agreed conditions, reproduction, public performance, recording, broadcasting, translation or adaptation of his work. The authors frequently entrust the economic rights in their works to natural or legal persons that may commercially exploit them to the best possible extent, subject to payment of remunerations (royalties) that depend on the use of the work. However, moral rights of the author remain forever in his possession, irrespective of whether the author entrusted his economic rights.

Copyright does not protect an idea but a work, expressing the idea of the human mind, irrespective of the form or quality of the expression. Copyright in a work is conferred to its author by the mere act of creation of the work and, contrary to the majority of other forms of intellectual property, it is not subject to any administrative or registration procedure.

Related rights comprise the rights and the system of legal protection of artistic expressions and the protection of organizational, business and financial investments in the performance, production, distribution and broadcasting of copyright works, and include:

  • rights of performers

  • rights of the producers of phonograms

  • rights of broadcasting organizations.